Let’s Get to Know Azerbaijan:
Republic of Azerbaijan
The population of Azerbaijan country is 10 million. Half of this population is in the city and the other half is in the countryside. This country is a Eurasian country located in the South Caucasus. If you ask where the Caucasus is, it is at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Azerbaijan has Russia in the north, the Caspian Sea in the east, Armenia in the west and Iran in the south. Azerbaijan also has a 17 km border with Turkey. Let’s continue the distribution of information about Azerbaijan.
Culture – Information about Azerbaijan
It has a rich cultural heritage and activities such as opera ballet theater. The republic was founded here in 1918 and also bears the title of the first republic established in the Middle East. In 1920, the USSR (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) entered this country and here the Azerbaijan USSR Republic was established, but later regained its independence with the collapse of the USSR in 1991.
During the Karabakh war, Armenia occupied 7 regions around this country and established a republic called Nagorno-Karabakh in these regions, but no state diplomatically recognized this newly established state.
Official Language and Religion – Information about Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani is the official language of Azerbaijan and has diplomatic relations with 38 international organizations and 158 countries. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1992. The official religion is not declared in the Constitution of Azerbaijan. Usually Muslim is dominant. Approximately 98% of the population is Muslim. They have no official religion.
Continuing information about Azerbaijan, the literacy rate is high, the unemployment rate is low. The majority of the people, on average, 84% are Shia Islamic beliefs and 14% are Sunni beliefs. The Ghaznavids, who are coming from the east to the west, are among the Oghuz Turks. In 1030, the Ghaznavids entered Azerbaijan and became the ruler and owner of this place. The first Turkish giants to own Azerbaijan are the Ghaznavids.
Geographical Condition Rivers
There are 8350 rivers in Azerbaijan. Only 24 of these are longer than 100 km. All of the rivers flow into the Caspian Sea located in the east of Azerbaijan. The largest lake, Sarısu Lake, is 67 km2. The longest river is the Kura River. Kura River is 1515 km long, part of this river is within the borders of Azerbaijan. The income of this country has increased after the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline.
Information on Azerbaijan and Oil
This pipeline carries oil from Sangaçal Terminal to Ceyhan marine terminal on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. This pipeline runs through Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey . All of these pipes with a length of 1768 km are buried under the ground. The pipes of this line are 443 km in Azerbaijan, 249 km in Georgia and 1,076 km in Turkey.
Half of Azerbaijan’s income as a country, ie 50%, comes from exporting oil and 40% natural gas. A large part of its income, such as 90%, is based on natural gas and oil. It depends on 2 different energy sources.
Azerbaijan is surrounded by mountains but most of the country is made up of plains. It has a temperate climate. In the plains, summers are hot and dry, winters are cool and rainy, sometimes snowy. The annual average temperature in the country is 10 degrees and above.
Animals Living in Azerbaijan
Animals found in the natural life of Azerbaijan are: Caucasian shrew, grizzly bear, wolf, mountain mouse, fox, red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, mountain goat, bison, bison, wild boar leopard, Eurasian lynx, wild cat, squirrel and Caucasian There are natural animals such as mole.
Azerbaijan has a modern army. The country’s military budget in 2011 was 4.5 billion dollars. Weapons and ammunition produced in the defense industry: Various tanks, small arms, small artillery systems, aviation bombs, pilotless vehicles, various military vehicles are produced.
Capital and Agriculture
Baku is the largest city of Azerbaijan. It is a rich country due to its income from oil. Agricultural land is determined as 55%, which is the largest area of the Caucasus. That is, 55% of Azerbaijan is agricultural land. As for animal husbandry, there are 6 million sheep, 2 million cattle and 40 million poultry in Azerbaijan. Beekeeping has developed.
There are 1.5 million internet users and pay phone technology in Azerbaijan. There are also 5 different gsm companies. These are: Azercell, Nar Mobile, Bakcell, Naxtel and CDMA.
The literacy rate is 99.5%, which is the largest literacy rate among Turkish countries. It has a total of 49 universities, 11 of which are private and 38 state in education. National sports are wrestling. Later football and chess are common.